F. Scott Fitzgerald died on December 21, 1940, in an apartment two blocks west of the Garden of Allah. He was living at the hotel three years earlier when he met his girlfriend, gossip columnist Sheilah Graham. He was in Sheilah’s apartment on Hayworth Avenue when he died. Fitzgerald was 44 years old.
He’d written just four novels, including in 1925 The Great Gatsby, the book he’s most remembered for today. He and his wife Zelda had become infamous in the States and in France for their excesses and raucous living. His dying at Sheilah’s was a bit awkward, from a public relations point of view, because was still married to Zelda, who was mentally ill and had been in and out of institutions in the east.
Fitzgerald had moved to Hollywood for the same reason his East Coast literary colleagues did. He was strapped for cash. It was his second run at Hollywood. Zelda had come with him the first time, in 1927. The couple made a big impression in the Colony with their outrageous behavior, including a well-publicized drunken demolition of their rooms at the Ambassador Hotel.
“He is famous even in Hollywood,” wrote Dorothy Spearc in the Saturday Evening Post. “His meteoric arrivals and departures are discussed in film circles as avidly as they discuss themselves.” Scott had been hired to work on script for Constance Talmadge, a big star of the silent era. But United Artists rejected the script, and Scott and Zelda returned east.
Zelda was diagnosed with schizophrenia and institutionalized a few years later. In July 1937, a decade after his first run at Hollywood, Fitzgerald returned. He was under contract with MGM this time – and this time he was alone. He checked into the Garden of Allah Hotel and took Villa 1, a single-story unit situated on at the front of the property, on Sunset Boulevard.
Dorothy Parker and Robert Benchley, Scott’s old friends and now neighbors, welcomed him to the Garden and invited him to Bob’s villa for cocktails. He dropped by at cocktail hour but declined the drink. They’d known him as a rapacious drinker and a mean drunk, but Scott had recently come to realize what everyone else knew. He couldn’t handle alcohol.
He hadn’t been living at the Garden long when he met Sheilah Graham at a party at Robert Benchley’s bungalow – a celebration of her engagement to the Marquess of Donegall. They didn’t officially meet during this first encounter, but a connection was made. Within just a few weeks, her engagement was off, and Scott and Sheilah were an item.
Other than the titles of his books, Sheilah knew very little about Scott, and he knew nothing about her – despite the fact that she had a larger readership than her better known competitors, Hedda Hopper and Louella Parsons. Sheilah’s “Hollywood Today” column was carried in 178 papers at its peak. Parsons and Hopper were carried in 100 papers and 68 papers, respectively.
Scott spent nine months at the Garden, from July 1937 to October 1938. “But it was a hectic nine months,” Sheilah wrote later, “and it was possibly the worst place for him. It was the wrong atmosphere for a man who was trying to give up liquor and whose future in Hollywood depended on it. There was always the sound of merriment coming from Benchley’s bungalow, and it must have been hard for Scott to refuse the drinks that were pressed on one by an eager host who could not imagine anyone not wanting a drink.”
The two new lovers took each other under wing during those first months. She revealed that despite her polish and apparent sophistication, she’d grown up in poverty in England and felt insecure about her lack of education. He offered to help and gave her a crash course in arts, culture and literature that they called the “College of One.” For her part, Sheilah came to understand the immensity of his struggle with alcohol. In the spring of 1938, she moved him away from the Garden and its many temptations into a remote beach cottage, at 23811 Malibu Road, near the Malibu Inn. But the desolate location proved to be too remote. A few months later, they moved again to a guest house at Belleigh Acres, Edward Everett Horton’s ranch in Encino.
By April 1940 they’d moved back to Hollywood. Fitzgerald took an apartment at 1403 N. Laurel Ave.[map]. Sheliah Graham found a place that was a discreet block away, at 1443 N. Hayworth Ave. [map]. They shared a housekeeper and dined together in one place or the other every night.
Scott fainted one night when they were leaving a movie premiere. He also had mild heart attack standing in line at Schwab’s in November 1940. On Friday, December 13, Scott went to a party at the home of Nathaniel West, the young author of Day of the Locust, and his wife, Eileen McKenney. In a tragic coincidence the Wests were killed in a car accident nine days later.
In the sort of tragic irony Fitzgerald might have used as a plot point, he died on the day before the Wests’ accident. Sheila remembered December 21 as clear and sunny, despite a forecast of rain. Scott suffered the heat attack in her living room at about three that afternoon. He’d been studying the roster for the Princeton Tigers, the football team at his alma mater.
On the day Scott died, Zelda Fitzgerald was home from the hospital in Alabama. It didn’t last. She was re-institutionalized, and eventually ended up in a sanitarium in the North Carolina mountains. She was killed in a fire there in 1948.
It appears there may have been an attempted cover-up after Scott’s death. When the news first circulated, the particulars had changed. Instead of dying at Sheilah’s, the news had him felled by the heart attack at Schwab’s – this bit of misinformation is still repeated occasionally today. There’s also an enduring myth that Scott died in Villa #1 at the Garden of Allah.
Sheilah set the record straight in two books about her life with Scott, Beloved Infidel (with Gerold Frank) in 1958, and The Garden of Allah in 1969. The movie version of Beloved Infidel, starring Gregory Peck as Scott and Deborah Kerr as Sheilah, was filming on a movie set in Hollywood in 1959 at around the time that the real Garden of Allah, where much of the story was set, was being demolished.